Biomechanics of Jumping


  • Motion analysis
  • Multibody modeling
  • Counter Movement Jump (CMJ)
  • Standing Long Jump (SLJ)


Two methods for the power analysis of standing jumps are proposed and compared in this article. The first method is based on a simple analytical formulation which requires as input the coordinates of the center of gravity in three specified instants of the jump. The second method is based on a multibody model that simulates the jumps processing the data obtained by a three-dimensional (3D) motion capture system and the dynamometric measurements obtained by the force platforms. The multibody model is developed with OpenSim, an open-source software which provides tools for the kinematic and dynamic analyses of 3D human body models. The study is focused on two of the typical tests used to evaluate the muscular activity of lower limbs, which are the counter movement jump and the standing long jump. The comparison between the results obtained by the two methods confirms that the proposed analytical formulation is correct and represents a simple tool suitable for a preliminary analysis of total mechanical work and the mean power exerted in standing jumps.


  • Palmieri G, Callegari M, Fioretti S. Analytical and multibody modeling for the power analysis of standing jumps. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin. 2015;18(14):1564-73. doi: 10.1080/10255842.2014.930135.